Patrick Hanratty, Ph.D., was an American computer scientist and is considered the father of CAD and CAM. He designed "Pronto," the first commercial numerical-control programming system known as the building blocks of everything CAD/CAM.
A new heat-beating reflective paint developed by researchers at Purdue University incorporates calcium carbonate as a filler to keep surfaces as much as 18 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than their surroundings. The filler's atomic structure allows it to fend off nearly all ultraviolet rays while also scattering other wavelengths.
A scientific team from the Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service won the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative's 2020 Gene Stewardship award for their work that focused on strengthening wheat's resistance to a virulent stem rust strain known as Ug99. "We're proud at the USDA to be part of the amazing and inspiring global effort to deploy durable resistance to protect our crops and communities from these ancient enemies," said Robert Bowden, supervisory research plant pathologist at USDA-ARS Hard Winter Wheat Genetics Research.
The US Coast Guard Research and Development Center, in partnership with local Coast Guard units, will test and evaluate unmanned surface vehicles off the south shore of Oahu, Hawaii. "While potentially applicable to many Coast Guard missions, there is potential these technologies will help enable the Coast Guard to better protect critical natural living marine resources from Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) fishing and other illicit activities," the Coast Guard said.
The US Missile Defense Agency is soliciting ideas for technologies that could counter threats from hypersonic weapons. The systems would form part of a layered defense and work with other mid-course defenses.
Boeing has won a $30 million contract to work with the US Navy on a supersonic ramjet missile demonstrator that will help the service outline technical requirements for future carrier-based weapons systems. The goal is to produce the demonstrator by late 2022.
Crews have already logged nearly 10 months of work on the USS John C. Stennis at a Naval Station Norfolk pier, but that's just in preparation for four years of refueling and overhaul. That multibillion-dollar effort won't commence until January at Newport News Shipbuilding.
The future USS Montana is now in dry dock at Newport News Shipbuilding and in readiness for launch next month in the James River. From there the Virginia-class sub will be moved to a pier for testing and crew certification.
The Navy could benefit from an anti-submarine warfare approach that leverages unmanned surface, undersea and aerial vehicles, along with some manned assets, to help monitor and potentially engage with enemy submarines, a Hudson Institute report argues. "In total, this combined mix of these unmanned and manned assets we found would not only be more operationally effective ... but it would also be less expensive," said Timothy Walton, a Hudson Institute fellow.
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