June 13, 2022
American College of Radiology
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Radiology News
A new study confirmed the efficacy of the Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting and Data System developed by the ACR, an ultrasound risk stratification system for diagnosing ovarian cancer and low-frequency malignant neoplasms. When the O-RADS system was tested on 1,014 adnexal lesions, results showed that O-RADS US 4 had a specificity of 81.9%, 90.6% sensitivity, a 31.4% positive predictive value and a 99% negative predictive value, making it the optimum cutoff for diagnosing cancer, according to JAMA Network Open.
Full Story: AuntMinnie (free registration) (6/10) 
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AI algorithm helps identify carotid artery disease on US
(Pixabay)
Research published in the journal Vascular found that an artificial intelligence algorithm developed by scientists was able to identify carotid artery disease on 156 neck ultrasound scans with 82% specificity, 87% sensitivity and 90% accuracy. The study also found the algorithm to be even better at ruling out disease as it had an accuracy rate of 92%, 91% sensitivity and specificity of 86% at recognizing normal carotids.
Full Story: Radiology Business (6/11) 
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A study presented during the Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine's annual conference revealed that multiple myeloma lesions could be detected by an artificial intelligence algorithm on whole-body CT exams. The model was able to detect lesions with 86% specificity and 88% sensitivity.
Full Story: AuntMinnie (free registration) (6/11) 
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A University of Alabama at Birmingham study presented at the Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine found using artificial intelligence for CT imaging, compared with not using it, did not lead to significant improvements to accuracy or overall miss rates. The study included data on 1,529 patients.
Full Story: AuntMinnie (free registration) (6/10) 
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SmartFocus on Upskilling
Reskilling is learning new skills to perform a new or different job, while upskilling is learning additional skills or enhancing abilities, often with the goal of advancement. Gies College of Business offers non-degree learning paths to help learners improve their marketability, knowledge, and skills. Read this SmartFocus for more information.
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Health Care News
Study links long COVID-19 to extensive neuroinflammation
(Pixabay)
A preprint study published at medRxiv.org linked long COVID-19 to significant in-vivo neuroinflammation, as seen in F-18 DPA-714 PET scans. The study included two patients with long COVID-19, three healthy control individuals who had not had COVID-19 and eight patients with multiple sclerosis for a comparison of F-18 DPA-714 metabolism.
Full Story: Medscape (free registration) (6/9) 
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Most of the 1,300 people worldwide known to have contracted monkeypox in the ongoing outbreak have not developed severe illness, but historically, people with monkeypox who have died did so due to primary or secondary infections of the brain, bloodstream or lungs. People with compromised immune systems, including those with uncontrolled HIV, are at highest risk of severe infection, while people with eczema and other skin conditions are at an elevated risk, as are pregnant people and children under 8 years old.
Full Story: Vox (6/9) 
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Insurers' and self-insured businesses' liabilities for coal workers' pneumoconiosis, commonly known as black-lung disease, have reached an estimated $9 billion and could surpass $14 billion, Milliman says in a report. The goal of the report is to "raise awareness and help develop solutions to protect the financial solvency of the non-trust-fund entities on paying federal black-lung liabilities," Milliman's Travis Grulkowski says.
Full Story: Insurance Journal (6/9) 
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Men who drank about 1.75 cups of low- or regular-fat milk each day were 27% more likely to develop prostate cancer, when compared with those who drank 1 or 2 teaspoons daily, and they had a 60% greater risk when compared with men who consumed no dairy, according to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. "Insulin-like growth factor-1 is known to be a risk factor for prostate and breast cancer, and it turns out that dairy consumption raises the level of this hormone," said study author Dr. Gary Fraser.
Full Story: HealthDay News (6/9) 
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Health Care Policy
The CDC has allocated a total of $215 million in first-year funding to the National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program, the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program and the National Program of Cancer Registries as part of the Biden administration's Cancer Moonshot initiative. The funding will be awarded to 86 recipients, including indigenous tribes and states.
Full Story: Reuters (6/8),  Becker's Hospital Review (6/9) 
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Technology News
Survey: Health care leaders turn to tech to achieve goals
(Pixabay)
Health care leaders worldwide are trying to alleviate burdens on burned-out staff, extend care to more people and improve health equity, according to Philips' annual Future Health Index report. Telehealth and artificial intelligence are among the technologies helping leaders achieve their goals, the report says.
Full Story: Healthcare IT News (6/9) 
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ACR News
Radiology content for medical student educators
To provide medical students with the best possible tools for their education and assessment, the ACR® and AMSER are offering the Standardized Tool for Assessing Radiology Students (STARS) to medical student program administrators -- free of charge. STARS provides medical schools with a national, web-based, question-item database and exam-taking system to use in assessing students throughout their radiology courses. Medical educators can now access the STARS program, Radiology-TEACHES® and the Medical Student Curriculum free for their institution. Get started.
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