This guest post is by Dennis S. Reina, Ph.D., and Michelle L. Reina, Ph.D., co-authors of “Rebuilding Trust in the Workplace” and “Trust and Betrayal in the Workplace” and co-founders of the Reina Trust Building Institute.
The Great Recession — the deepest economic downturn since the 1930s — created chaos in workplaces everywhere. In the process, the very underpinnings of trust were upended.
Today, one-third of working Americans say they plan to look for a new job when the economy gets better and, of this group, 48 percent cite a loss of trust in their employer as the reason, according to the 2010 Ethics & Workplace Survey by consulting firm Deloitte LLP. Furthermore, the survey reveals, as many as 65 percent of Fortune 1000 executives believe that trust will be a factor in the potential increase in voluntary employee turnover in the coming months.
Major betrayals in the workplace — from corporations grossly mismanaging worker layoffs to CEOs committing crimes and misdemeanors — can make headlines. They are not the only source of trouble, though. Minor betrayals, such as gossiping, finger-pointing, or taking credit for others’ work, are more pervasive than major betrayals and erode trust over time. In most workplaces, the accumulation of these “little” betrayals becomes a big problem, negatively affecting people’s confidence, commitment, and energy. What’s more, according to our research, 90 percent of employees report that they feel the effects of eroded trust daily.
How should leaders respond? We have drawn on two decades of research to create a seven-step process to help leaders muster courage, mend broken trust, and move forward with a more engaged and energized workforce.
- Observe and acknowledge what happened. When trust is broken, most people experience the impact as a loss — the loss of what was or what could have been. Tune into how employees are responding to that loss. Acknowledge their experience, listen to what’s important to them, and demonstrate that their views matter.
- Allow feelings to surface. Provide people with nonthreatening environments to express their feelings and begin to work through them. Focus groups, team meetings, and one-on-one conversations can all be helpful in creating safe, ongoing forums and ensuring that employees’ emotions don’t go underground.
- Get and give support. Help people recognize where they are stuck and how they can shift from blaming to problem solving. Also, make sure that no one is moving ahead blindly. Share key information and insights to help employees feel involved and “in the know.” And seek support for yourself, too, perhaps through fellow leaders, a mentor, or an executive coach.
- Reframe the experience. Put the experience into a larger context. Help people to see the bigger picture, such as the business reasons behind a set of decisions, and to consider the individual choices and opportunities now in front of them, including potential benefits.
- Take responsibility. Own up to what is yours to own. Determine the lessons learned and the actions you can take to improve the current situation. Hold yourself accountable, plus help others take responsibility and hold themselves accountable, too.
- Forgive yourself and others. Forgiving doesn’t mean excusing; it means acknowledging the impact of broken trust and then agreeing not only to move through it but also to learn from it and do better going forward. Ask people, “What needs to happen for forgiveness to take place?” Additionally, ask yourself the same question if you need to forgive yourself.
- Let go and move on. There is a difference between remembering and “hanging on.” Employees may not forget what happened, but they can choose to look forward rather than stay stuck in the past. Help people in letting go and moving on with a sense of shared responsibility.
Image credit, mevans, via iStockPhoto.com