Daily sedentary time of more than 10 hours may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease independent of other factors, such as high BMI, researchers reported in JAMA Cardiology. "Increasing physical activity and workplace interventions such as sit-stand workstations and activity-permissive desks may be useful to lower sedentary time," said researcher Dr. Ambarish Pandey of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center.
A law signed by President Barack Obama last week calls for better tracking of cases of newborns exposed to heroin and opioid drugs and "safe care plans" for the infants and their families. Only nine states had been following a reporting mandate in a 2003 law.
A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that once four generic alternatives are available, the price of brand-name medications drops by about 60%. While 210 out of 417 drugs examined in the study are eligible for generic competition, 17% still have no generic versions approved, with competition from generics lowest for cancer therapies, according to the report.
Data from the CMS on forthcoming hospital star ratings show that 2.2% received a five-star rating, 20.3% received four stars, 38.5% received three stars, 15.7% earned two stars and 2.9% received only one star.
There is a stigma around anal cancer that makes many patients reluctant to talk about the disease, and Michele Longabaugh says she gets raised eyebrows when she talks about her diagnosis. Experts say more than 90% of anal cancer cases may be caused by human papillomavirus, and while there is not a consensus on screening, some physicians recommend an anal Pap smear for high-risk patients.
Researchers found a similarity in overall mortality between type 1 diabetes patients in the combined Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications study cohort and the general population. The findings in Diabetes Care also showed those in the DCCT conventional therapy group had a significantly higher mortality than the general population.
Fatty pancreas wasn't independently associated with the future risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Japanese researchers evaluated data from 813 adults without diabetes, mean age of 51.8, and found that the association between fatty pancreas and type 2 diabetes may be explained by obesity and fatty liver.
Guidance provided by online retirement calculators can vary greatly depending on many factors, experts say. For many, their most important function is to provide a "wake-up call" that it is time to save aggressively for retirement, writes Jo Craven McGinty.
The theft of a laptop that contained health information for up to 10,000 people prompted the HHS Office for Civil Rights to impose a fine of $2.75 million on the University of Mississippi Medical Center and require the provider to report to the agency for three years. OCR also criticized the center for not notifying affected individuals, not doing enough to secure health records and allowing its ICU workers to access the laptop without using individual user names.
The implementation of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act could threaten physicians' autonomy in making decisions for their patients, provide burdensome documentation tasks and pressure some solo and small practices to close, according to this analysis. MACRA implementation could also contribute to burnout among health care professionals, increase the risk of medical errors -- especially with the use of EHRs -- and reduce patients' access to health care.
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