CDC researchers found a median of 11% of adolescents around the world smoked tobacco products, with a higher prevalence among boys than girls in 38 countries. The findings, reported in the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and based on 2012 to 2015 Global Youth Tobacco Survey data involving youths ages 13 to 15 in 61 countries, also showed that 50% of current tobacco users in 40 countries said they wanted to quit smoking.
Adults who were teased about their weight as teens had a twofold higher risk of developing obesity as well as increased odds of having unhealthy eating and dieting habits, according to a study in the journal Preventive Medicine. The findings, based on data involving about 1,800 adults followed for 15 years, also showed that weight-based teasing from family members was more likely to affect women than men.
OWL Cybersecurity on Wednesday shared its 2017 darknet index, a ranking of companies based on data found on the darknet, which OWL says can help the companies gauge their cybersecurity efforts over time. Amazon ranked as having the biggest presence on the darknet, while tech and telecommunication companies were the most targeted, the index showed.
AHIP sent a letter to Senate Finance Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, reinforcing calls for swift action to ensure continued funding of cost-sharing reduction payments and emphasizing the need for clarity on individual market provisions to keep insurers in markets and premiums down. AHIP President and CEO Marilyn Tavenner also called on Senate Republicans to guard against disruptions in Medicaid funding and retain protections for those with pre-existing conditions "including guaranteed issue, community rating, and barring pre-existing condition exclusions."
Veterinarian Lisa Radosta, who is also a board-certified veterinary behaviorist, has partnered with ZenCrate to study the company's product for dogs that experience noise- and storm-related anxiety. The crate includes an orthopedic bed, music, sound insulation and a fan, and it is Wi-Fi-enabled so owners can check on their pets.
Research scheduled for publication in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports suggests that the hunter-gatherers of Zhokhov Island, which was once connected to mainland Siberia, may have been breeding dogs to pull sleds 9,000 years ago. A team from the Russian Academy of Sciences compared skulls from that era with those of Siberian huskies and wolves, finding the hunter-gatherers lived alongside dogs and as well as a probable wolf-dog hybrid, and they say their work suggests the dogs were bred for sledding, while the hybrid may have been used to hunt polar bears.
Type 2 diabetes patients with orthostatic hypotension had higher nighttime systolic and diastolic blood pressure, with 67.21% having BP circadian rhythms that were mainly of the riser type, compared with those without orthostatic hypotension, according to a study in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation. Chinese researchers used a cohort of 173 diabetes patients and found those in the OH group also had higher mortality rates and increased rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events.
Researchers found that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease patients with fibrosis at stage 3 or 4 were at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those with fibrosis at stage 0 to 2. The findings in the Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, based on 396 NAFLD patients with a mean age of 45.8, revealed that significant diabetes risk factors among patients with stage 3 or 4 fibrosis include body mass index and cholesterol levels of more than 240 mmol/L, while fat score, NAFLD activity score, triglycerides over 150 mg/dL and lobular inflammation were risk factors for those with fibrosis stage 0 to 2.
A study in the British Journal of Ophthalmology showed that patients with diabetic retinopathy who have undergone cataract surgery had an increased risk of treatment-requiring diabetic macular edema, with the cumulative risk increasing from 6.2% for the two years before surgery to 14.7% for the two years after the procedure. UK researchers evaluated data from the UK Diabetic Retinopathy Electronic Medical Record involving more than 3,800 patients and found that higher retinopathy grades were associated with greater risks of developing treatment-requiring DME in the first year after surgery.
Some patients who need kidney transplants could benefit from receiving a kidney from a deceased donor with diabetes rather than waiting for five to seven years to receive a kidney from a donor without diabetes, according to a study by University of Pennsylvania researchers. Patients at highest risk of dying while waiting for a kidney -- including the elderly, those with diabetes and those at centers with the longest waits -- could extend their lives by 10% with kidneys from donors with diabetes, according to the study in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
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