Healthy lifestyle habits, such as not smoking and maintaining a healthy weight, could increase a person's lifespan by five to seven years, researchers reported in Health Affairs. The added longevity comprised years of good health without physical limitations, and they underscore the importance of prevention, the authors said.
A study found both the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay, or MIND, diet and the Mediterranean diet may help protect cognition in older adults, researchers reported at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference. Another study found dietary patterns associated with the MIND diet were linked to a lower risk for probable dementia, and a third report said adherence to a Nordic diet was also associated with preserved cognitive function.
A study in the journal Health Psychology found people who believed they exercised less than their peers had a higher risk of death over 21 years than those who felt they worked out more. Researchers suggested the placebo effect may be a factor or that social comparisons demotivate people to exercise.
Taking clindamycin, doxycycline, quinolones, macrolides and phenoxymethylpenicillin during the first trimester of pregnancy might increase the risk of major congenital and organ-specific malformations in infants; but the association was not seen with amoxicillin, cephalosporins or nitrofurantoin, researchers reported in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. The researchers analyzed data on all pregnancies covered by Quebec Public Prescription Drug Insurance from 1998 to 2008, which involved about 140,000 infants, and found that the absolute risk associated with antibiotics was small but suggested that clinicians prescribe the safest antibiotics possible.
Boredom has been shown in studies to be a setting in which creativity can flourish, and it offers a path for handling the mundane parts of our workday. "Boredom is both a warning that we are not doing what we want to be doing and a 'push' that motivates us to switch goals and projects," says Andreas Elpidorou, a researcher and philosophy assistant professor at the University of Louisville.
Americans will have fewer places to ask for help when signing up for coverage through public insurance exchanges after the Trump administration terminated contracts that provided Affordable Care Act enrollment assistance in libraries, businesses and neighborhoods in 18 cities. The move will make it more difficult for the uninsured and those already enrolled to shop for a new policy amid consumer confusion arising from the debate in Washington, D.C., and a shorter enrollment period, consumer groups say.
A survey of 250 terminal cancer patients found 60% accurately knew their prognosis, 15% had an inaccurate awareness, 17% did not know their prognosis but wanted to, and 8% did not know and did not want to know. The study in The Oncologist showed 82% of patients questioned just before death had an accurate awareness of their prognosis.
Researchers found that University of Michigan Health System's hospital readmission rate for patients with diabetes was 26%, compared with 22% among those without the condition. The findings in Clinical Diabetes and Endocrinology were based on an analysis of data for 7,763 patients.
Men with diabetes should be screened for erectile dysfunction as part of a routine assessment of their cardiovascular health, according to a study in Diabetic Medicine. French researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 145 studies involving 88,577 men with a mean age of 56 and found a higher prevalence of erectile dysfunction among those with type 2 diabetes than men with type 1 diabetes, and that the risk of the condition increased after age 60.
Senate Republican leaders are aiming for a Tuesday vote on starting debate on their health care overhaul legislation. GOP lawmakers are urging their colleagues to support the procedural measure and then force votes on amendments they feel are necessary.
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