Electronic medical devices contain an array of software and hardware components made by different companies with different licensing restrictions that complicate the process of patching security vulnerabilities, writes Mitch Parker, chief information security officer at Indiana University Health. Many connected medical devices are made by small companies and rely on multiple free or open-source software utilities maintained by even smaller third parties, and "addressing the risks means understanding and addressing the value chain for how a device evolves from concept to disposition," Parker writes.
Children whose mothers used macrolide antibiotics -- such as azithromycin, clarithromycin and erythromycin -- during the first trimester of pregnancy were more likely to have major birth defects, especially cardiovascular malformations, compared with those whose mothers took penicillin during early pregnancy, according to a study in The BMJ. Researchers also linked prenatal macrolide exposure at any trimester with increased likelihood of genital malformations, particularly hypospadias, but not with increased neurodevelopmental disorder risk.
Radiology providers must help protect patients and their personnel from coronavirus, or COVID-19, infection by using portable X-ray machines, requiring patients to wear a surgical mask when entering and exiting the imaging department, instructing the staff to wear protective gear, disinfecting machines and devices used at imaging stations, and establishing a multidisciplinary committee, researchers wrote in the Journal of the American College of Radiology. "While further investigations on the clinical and radiological aspects of the novel coronavirus are ongoing, imaging will continue to be a crucial component in patient management," they wrote.
Liberation from stereotypes and the status quo is a step toward self-care for members of marginalized groups, and it means "unpacking our personal, generational, and historical trauma and the ways our people have survived," writes licensed clinical social worker Jalana Harris. "It may look like doing what really scares us: being our most authentic selves in a world that, if it even sees us, views us as distasteful and unpalatable," she writes.
Robert Bayer, a professor emeritus of animal and veterinary sciences at the University of Maine, has received a patent on a component of lobster blood that has antiviral and anticancer properties and is seeking a drugmaker to partner with. Hemocyanin stimulates the immune system and has been shown to reduce viral load in cells infected with herpesvirus, and Dr. Bayer says millions of pounds of lobster blood are flushed down drains every year at processing facilities.
Horses must be sedated for a full dental exam for both the horse's and the veterinarian's safety, and only veterinarians and technicians under their supervision are authorized to administer the necessary sedatives, says veterinarian Jeff Reiswig. The dosage depends on the horse's size and temperament, and the animal usually "will stay awake and alert but relaxed" during the exam, Reiswig says.
New robotic cameras allow people to keep an eye on their dogs, talk to them and even dispense treats from afar, and nearly $50 million worth of the cameras were sold in 2018, according to Grand View Research. The cameras can ease separation anxiety in both dogs and dog owners.
A group of Democratic senators sent a letter to HHS Secretary Alex Azar and Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney encouraging the administration to ask for additional funding from Congress to support the government's response to the novel coronavirus. The administration has relied on a $105 million fund for infectious disease outbreaks, and officials recently said they were looking at moving as much as $136 million from other programs for the response.
A study in Diabetes Care found that the use of antidepressants such as amitriptyline elevates the risk of developing type 2 diabetes among Japanese adults. The findings, based on data from 90,530 Japanese adults who used and didn't use antidepressants, also showed that lowering the dose of antidepressants or a total discontinuance of the drugs within a year of type 2 diabetes onset significantly improves glucose tolerance.
Some Americans are illegally buying and selling diabetes medications like analog and human synthetic insulins and albuterol on classified advertisement website Craigslist due to their exorbitant price. A cross-sectional analysis of 432 Craigslist ads published in JAMA Internal Medicine also revealed that many of those who sold diabetes medications on the website were users of the drugs themselves and wanted to give away their old ones in order to avoid waste, while others wanted to earn extra money.
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