Mortality among infants and pregnant women has decreased significantly since 2000, but 2.8 million pregnant women and newborns still die each year, mostly from preventable causes, according to a report from UNICEF and the World Health Organization. United Nations Population Fund official Anneka Knutsson warns that sustainable development goals will not be reached "unless we dramatically increase and accelerate our efforts to improve maternal health care by bolstering overall sexual and reproductive health care."
Robin Healthcare is developing a virtual personal assistant for doctors that works like Amazon's Alexa or Echo. The device transcribes patient encounters, eliminating the need for the doctor to input the information into EHRs.
A spending bill proposed by a Senate subcommittee does not include a provision to overturn a ban on funding for a unique national patient identifier. The House voted in June to remove the ban.
The Global Preparedness Monitoring Board's first report on global pandemic preparedness finds an outbreak as serious as the 1918 Spanish flu would reach pandemic status within just 36 hours, and as many as 80 million people could die. Among the most serious threats are those that arise at the human-wildlife interface, according to Victor Dzau, president of the US National Academy of Medicine, where deforestation and other changes bring people more routinely into contact with zoonotic diseases.
Not all dogs are comfortable swimmers, and even those that are can be at risk of drowning, especially in pools, which are the most common site of canine drownings. Training and swim lessons might help, and veterinarian Jerry Klein recommends kiddie pools for gradually helping dogs that are hesitant around water become comfortable.
A study published in Diabetes Care showed that across all racial/ethnic groups, diabetes prevalence was 26.5% among Asians and 24.6% among Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders with overweight and obesity class I, while whites had a prevalence of 23.7% with obesity class II. Researchers evaluated data on 4,906,238 adults ages 20 and older and found the highest association between body mass index category and diabetes among whites, while blacks had the lowest association.
Australian researchers used a cohort of 343,714 individuals and found that the proportion of those ages 18 to 40 who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes rose from 9.5% to 12.5% since 2000, with females in this age group having a higher incidence than women in the 40 to 50 and 50 to 60 age groups. The findings, presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting, also showed a stable all-cause mortality and cardiovascular morbidity rates in the younger age groups after 2005, with the all-cause mortality rate dropping by nearly 20% and by 30% among those in the 60 to 70 and in the 70 to 80 age group, respectively.
Type 2 diabetes patients who had steady blood glucose control over six years were more likely to live longer than those who had more A1C variability, according to findings presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting. Researchers examined up to 21,000 patients from Scotland and found that an A1C variability of 60% or higher was tied to an increased risk for chronic kidney disease, heart disease, heart failure, nerve damage and stroke, as well as a higher risk for diabetic eye disease and diabetic foot ulcer.
Researchers surveyed more than 5,800 older women with type 2 diabetes and found that those who had the highest scores for the DASH diet were at a 31% reduced risk of developing cardiovascular problems, compared with those with the lowest scores for the diet, while those who had the highest scores for the American Diabetes Association recommendations and the Mediterranean diet had a 29% and 23% lower risk, respectively, compared with women who had the lowest scores for the diets. Findings were published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Gluten intake during mid-pregnancy was not linked to type 1 diabetes in children but each 10-gram increase in gluten consumed per day among children at 18 months of age was associated with a 46% higher risk for the disease, according to a study reported at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes' annual meeting. Researchers said the greatest risk of type 1 diabetes was seen among children with the highest gluten consumption.
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