Danish women with a history of preeclampsia had a 53% higher dementia risk and were more than three times as likely to develop vascular dementia, compared with those who didn't have preeclampsia, researchers reported in The BMJ. The findings, based on an analysis of registry data involving more than 1.1 million women who gave birth from 1978 to 2015, also showed that preeclampsia was more strongly associated with vascular dementia in late-onset than early-onset disease and had a modest link to Alzheimer's disease and other/unspecified dementia.
A report in the National Center for Health Statistics Data Brief found that from 2007 to 2017, US fertility rates decreased 12% in rural areas, 16% in small and medium cities, and 18% in metro counties. During the same time, the average age among women having their first child increased from 23 to almost 25 in rural areas, from 24 to 26 in small or medium cities, and from 26 to 28 in large cities.
Memory formation is complicated, with factors such as age at the time of a traumatic incident making a difference between dissociation and remembering, Dr. Shobhit Negi writes. "[P]eople who have been traumatized may live with implicit memories of the terror, anger and sadness generated by the trauma, but with few or no explicit memories to explain the feelings," notes Negi, recommending a nonjudgmental approach to survivors.
Insect and arthropod losses appear to be more widespread than previously believed, and insectivore populations are plummeting along with them, according to a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The loss of insects and arthropods could affect crops that depend on pollinators, scientists warn.
The Canadian Pork Council revised its policy on vaccines and veterinary drugs in response to new regulations restricting the use of some medically important antimicrobials. "Most pork producers have an active ongoing relationship with a veterinarian and have adopted the changes," said Manitoba Pork quality assurance and animal care manager Mark Fynn.
A study in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation showed that lean older type 2 diabetes patients had a significant improvement in glycated albumin and ratio of glycated albumin to A1C 12 weeks after taking 0.5 mg repaglinide three times daily, compared with those on sulfonylurea. Japanese researchers recruited 52 adults ages 60 to 90 and found an association between lower sulfonylurea dose and improved glycated albumin in the repaglinide group.
Australian researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 39 studies involving 359,783 diabetes patients and found those with stress hyperglycemia were at an increased risk for poorer outcomes after stroke and mortality, compared with the general population. The findings in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation revealed that those with high A1C levels had higher mortality rates and stroke recurrence and severity.
Seventy-nine percent of adults with prediabetes had a weight loss of at least 8% after an initial two-month intensive weight loss program using low-calorie meal substitutes, while 96% of those who remained in the study over three years did not develop type 2 diabetes and 22% no longer had prediabetes. The findings were based on a cohort of 2,326 adults, ages 25 to 70, and presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting.
A survey conducted by the Root Cause Coalition found that Medicaid recipients are more likely to face food insecurity challenges, such as inability to afford healthy food or enough food, compared with commercially insured Americans. Medicaid recipients are more likely to suffer from nutrition-related health conditions such as obesity and hypertension, so they may require additional support, including integrated dietary and health care services, to improve their health.
President Donald Trump is asking his Cabinet to develop a plan to cut 5% from the budget of each agency. The order follows a Treasury Department report showing a 17% increase in the annual federal budget deficit, which Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., blamed on unwillingness to contain spending in programs such as Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security.
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