A study linked higher levels of exercise with a reduced risk of death, and it did not matter how long people exercised at a given time, researchers reported in the Journal of the American Heart Association. People who appeared to benefit most got from 7.5 to 12.5 hours of moderate exercise weekly.
The rate of US singleton babies with low birth weight rose from 6.24% in 2014 to 6.34% in 2015 and 6.44% in 2016, following a steady decline between 2006 and 2014, due to higher rates of infants with moderately low birth weight from 2014 to 2016, according to a CDC study in the agency's National Center for Health Statistics Data Brief. Researchers also found that low and moderately low birth weight prevalence increased across all races from 2014 to 2016, and blacks had a more than two times higher low birth weight rate between 2006 and 2016, compared with whites.
A series of papers published in The Lancet found many people with lower back pain get inappropriate tests and treatments. Researchers said patients are seen in hospital emergency departments, get referred for tests or surgery, and are prescribed pain medications, when most would respond to simple physical and psychological treatments that keep them active.
Registered dietitian Tamara Duker Freuman says irritable bowel syndrome is not a default diagnosis if other problems are not found but, rather, a medical determination based on a set of symptom-based criteria. IBS is a physical problem, not a psychological one, Freuman says, and there are evidence-based treatments that can reduce symptoms.
A study in Cell Metabolism revealed that nonobese adults who achieved about 15% calorie restriction over two years had an average weight loss of 8.7 kg, compared with the control group who gained 1.8 kg. Researchers analyzed 44 adults and also found that calorie restriction resulted in lower than expected energy expenditure and a significant reduction in the production of reactive oxygen species and in thyroid axis activity.
Beans are back on the menu, with new food product containing pulses rising 11% in 2017 from the year before as products containing kale dipped 15%, according to Innova Market Insights. Including beans in a heart-healthy diet can have a positive effect on cholesterol levels, according to the American Heart Association.
Research presented at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting associated the use of sucralose with a higher risk of metabolic syndrome. The study, which included 18 people, found use of the artificial sweetener was associated with higher glucose uptake, inflammation and adipogenesis, especially among obese participants.
Austrian and US researchers found that patients with Alzheimer's disease had significantly greater than normal changes in choline phospholipid plasma levels related to aging, compared with those without Alzheimer's, indicating that Alzheimer's may be described as a very accelerated form of aging. The findings in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease may prompt studies to identify a biomarker for early Alzheimer's diagnosis, researchers said.
Seventy-two percent of respondents to a Kaiser Family Foundation survey said that the pharmaceutical industry has too much influence on federal policy, and 80% say drug prices are too high. More than half said the Trump administration should make drug prices a top priority, but only 39% believed that the White House will bring about change.
Endo International, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries and Teikoku Seiyaku agreed to pay about $271 million, subject to court approval, to settle allegations that the drugmakers illegally conspired to delay market entry of a generic version of Endo's Lidoderm patch.