A study in PLOS ONE found women with higher levels of vitamin D in their system had a lower risk of breast cancer. The findings, based on data from 5,038 women with an average age of 63, showed 25-hydroxyvitamin D blood levels of more than 60 nanograms per milliliter were associated with one-fifth the risk of breast cancer, compared with levels less than 20 nanograms per milliliter.
A study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology showed that type 2 diabetes patients with a low-risk lifestyle factor score of 3 or more were at reduced risk for cardiovascular disease mortality, coronary heart disease, stroke and total CVD, compared with those with a score of 0, which signified higher-risk behaviors. Researchers evaluated data from 11,527 patients, mean age of 63, calculating lifestyle scores based on diet, physical activity, smoking status and alcohol consumption, with higher scores signifiying healthier choices.
A study in The Lancet Psychiatry showed that 7.4% of infants whose mothers took lithium for bipolar disorder or serious depression during the first trimester of pregnancy developed major malformations, such as neural tube defects, heart defects and genital malformations, compared with 4.3% of those whose mothers had mood disorders but didn't receive the drug. Researchers also found a nearly twofold higher likelihood of hospital readmissions within the first 28 days of life among infants exposed to lithium during pregnancy.
Six of 18 commercially available blood glucose monitor systems met the predetermined accuracy standard in all of a set of three studies, while five BGMs met the accuracy standard in two studies and three BGMs in one study, according to findings published in Diabetes Care. Researchers recruited 1,035 individuals to monitor blood glucose via BGMs in three triple-blinded studies using differing systems and found that four of the cleared systems did not meet the accuracy standard in any of the three studies.
A bipartisan coalition of nine governors urged the Trump administration to reverse its decision not to defend in court the Affordable Care Act's protections for people with pre-existing conditions, noting the move "threatens health care coverage for many in our states with pre-existing conditions and adds uncertainty and higher costs for Americans who purchase their own health insurance." The governors said the administration should instead work with them and with Congress to develop "bipartisan solutions to protect coverage and lower health care costs for all Americans."
Utz Quality Foods contracted with an outside vendor to staff an onsite primary care clinic at its Hanover, Pa., plant, and 87% of workers, plus 67% of their family members, are patients. Nicole Fallowfield, director of health risk management for Indiana-based insurer Gibson, said clients with onsite or near-site clinics see a 20% to 30% reduction in emergency department visits, a 10% to 30% decrease in primary care costs, and lower drug costs.
A study presented at the annual meeting of the American Thoracic Society found women who used oral contraceptives experienced asthma more frequently, compared with those who did not. The findings, based on data for more than 6.5 million women aged 20 to 50 years who were diagnosed with lifetime asthma and received treatment with an inhaled corticosteroid or bronchodilator, showed an association between oral contraceptive use and a higher risk of lifetime asthma.
Researchers found that 33.2% of children and adolescents in the US took dietary supplements in 2013-2014, similar to pediatric supplementation rate in 2003-2004, but prevalence of alternative medicine use increased by nearly twofold during the same period, mainly due to the rising use of melatonin and omega-3 fatty acid supplements. The findings in JAMA Pediatrics also showed that use of calcium, iron, single vitamin (especially vitamin B), and multivitamin supplements were significantly more likely among teen girls, while teen boys had increased odds of using bodybuilding and omega-3 fatty acid supplements.
Opelika, Ala., has launched the Opelika Neighborhood Mobile Wellness Clinic initiative to provide primary and preventative care to underserved neighborhoods. The city received a donation of a 40-foot bus and established a fundraising goal of $200,000 to retrofit it as a mobile clinic.
Finnish researchers tied lower levels of branched-chain amino acids, such as isoleucine, leucine and valine, with increased odds of incident dementia and Alzheimer's disease, regardless of other risk factors. The findings in Alzheimer's & Dementia also linked creatinine, one high-density lipoprotein and three very low-density lipoprotein subclasses to dementia risk, but not after adjusting for cholesterol-lowering treatment and body mass index.