A study in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence found that sixth- and ninth-grade students with stronger self-reported positive family relationships had a higher likelihood of considering aggressive behaviors and retaliation unacceptable and were more likely to intervene, while those who reported feeling discriminated against or excluded by peers and teachers had reduced odds of defending bullying victims. Sixth-graders were more likely to intervene than ninth-graders, the study found.
Researchers found that infants born to mothers who smoked and who received vitamin C with their prenatal vitamins had significantly improved forced expiratory flows at age 3 months, compared with those whose smoking mothers were given placebos along with the prenatal vitamins. The findings were published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.
Youths with age-appropriate bedtimes at age 9 had longer self-reported sleep duration and lower body mass index at age 15, compared with those who didn't have bedtime routines, researchers reported in the journal Sleep. The findings also associated optimal bedtime and sleep routines in childhood with adequate sleep duration in adolescence.
The CMS released a final rule that will allow the agency to continue the Affordable Care Act risk adjustment program for the current plan year. The agency will use statewide average premiums to calculate the payments despite ongoing litigation over the methodology.
A study in The BMJ revealed that an intervention developed to standardize communication between families and clinicians during rounds, led to a 37.9% reduction in harmful errors in the three months after implementation. Researchers analyzed data from pediatric inpatient units at seven US hospitals and found that the intervention also resulted in nurses becoming more engaged in patient rounds and families being more likely to share concerns.
AHIP sent a letter urging the Department of Homeland Security to continue excluding legal use of public health insurance programs from immigration eligibility decisions, saying proposed public charge regulations could discourage people from obtaining health coverage and wouldn't be consistent "with the nation's goal of encouraging a healthier population." AHIP said the rule could also raise state health care spending and insurance premiums, Keith Fontenot, executive vice president of policy and strategy at AHIP, wrote in the letter.
Researchers found that 20-minute time-of-flight PET/MRI scans at 10% and 20% FDG dose from women with confirmed breast cancer yielded significantly better image quality and artifacts, noise and sharpness, as well as acceptable lesion detectability, compared with two-minute reconstructions. The findings in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine also showed TOF PET/MRI with the FDG dose at 10% had a 0.5 mSv radiation burden, compared with a 0.44 mSv to 0.56 mSv average effective digital mammogram dose.
To improve efficiency and in turn reduce burnout, radiologists should minimize distractions from phone calls, emails and the internet by hiring a reading room assistant, deploying a system that converts emails to actionable items and dedicating time to attend to personal text messages, phone calls and social media notifications, according to a study in Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology. "Increasing efficiency can result in greater time and autonomy, allowing radiologists to focus their attention on the aspects of their job that they enjoy and find most meaningful," researchers wrote.
The Medical Group Management Association is encouraging Congress to revise the HIPAA law, and association officials are expected to go to Washington later this month. "The current process for developing and adopting new and revised administrative simplification standards, encouraging widespread use of the standards and enforcing compliance with the standards is defective," MGMA officials said in a letter to the National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics.
A project management tool developed by The Institute for Healthcare Improvement can help healthcare systems change their business model from volume-based to value-based. The tool provides recommendations for quality improvement projects, such as creating a work plan with milestones and a set timeline to keep momentum going.